Between July 2020 and March 2021, the European Consumer Organisation (BEUC) and nine of its members commissioned a study on the lifetime cost of passenger cars. Conducted at European level and within nine countries, it compares the costs of owning diesel and petrol hybrid, plug-in hybrid, hydrogen and battery electric vehicles over their entire lifetime – from first to third owner. The main EU-wide conclusion of this study is that a medium-sized electric car bought today is already the most financially interesting solution over the car’s lifetime. See details here:

https://www.beuc.eu/publications/beuc-x-2021-040_electric_car_ownership-an_affordable_option_for_all_consumers.pdf